Marine mammal protection act of 1972

Permits may be issued for incidental takings in the course of commercial fishing operations[4], for scientific research[5], for public display[6] only for educational or conservation purposes[7]educational purposes[8], to enhance a supply or stock[9], or at the discretion of the Secretary of Commerce with due regard for the requirements of the Act[10].

And it is unfortunately a fact of life that the class of animals which suffers the most in these circumstances is the young. The bill creates a strong regulatory responsibility in the agencies involved, coupled with a Congressional directive that far more adequate knowledge must be developed on what is actually happening to these animals.

Congressional findings and declaration of policy This description of the Marine Mammal Protection Act of tracks the language of the U. Accordingly, the United States, Japan, Great Britain later Canada and Russia developed a treaty in to regulate the taking of fur seals.

This is consistent with budget estimates submitted by that Department. Species not present in U. It further authorizes those officials to arrest persons violating the law within their presence or view, with or without a warrant, and permits searches of vessels or conveyances with or without warrants with reasonable cause.

This Commission would be aided in its efforts by a nine-member Scientific Advisory Committee composed of members qualified to review management and research programs and, if necessary, to carry out its own search.

Such actions by the Secretary will take effect when the permittee is notified. The public is invited and encouraged to participate fully in the agency decision-making process. The MMPA provides that the moratorium on taking of marine mammals can be waived for specific purposes if the taking will not disadvantage the affected species or stock.

There is no indication in the bill as to whether these scientists will serve on a full-time or on a part-time basis. To some extent, this Committee has already begun to move to halt this degradation, in acting upon the Ocean Dumping bill H.

An extended discussion on these animals may be found at pp. For the purpose of the Act, the term includes parts of marine mammals, including but not limited to their fur and skins. The Committee did not feel, for example, that making the Commission a less independent agency would serve a useful purpose.

It also prohibits the importing of fish caught outside of the United States where the fish were caught by techniques which the Secretary concludes are injurious to marine mammals. Witnesses informed the Subcommittee that the incidence of pesticide and heavy metal contamination of the oceans seemed to be increasing, as indicated by biopsies on animals such as sea lions and sea otters.

Keep up with Mother Nature

It might be added that the Committee is not satisfied that the jurisdictional split between agencies is helpful or useful; it retained the status quo largely upon the hope and expectation that a Department of Natural Resources would be shortly forthcoming, at which point the two programs would be merged into one.

Policies created in Some marine mammal species or stocks may be in danger of extinction or depletion as a result of human activities. Northern sea otters present in Washington State are managed by the Western Washington Field Office, while southern sea otters residing in California are managed by the Ventura Field Office.

The primary management objective should be to maintain the health and stability of the marine ecosystem. The Endangered Species Act of provides for the conservation of species that are endangered or threatened throughout all or a significant portion of their range, and the conservation of the ecosystems on which they depend.

Manatees and sea otters have been crippled and killed by motorboats and at present the Federal government is essentially powerless to force these boats to slow down or to curtail their operations.

Marine Mammal Protection Act

NOAA was given responsibility to conserve and manage pinnipeds including seals and sea lions and cetaceans such as whales and dolphins. It requires him to make public notice of permit applications received and to invite comments from interested members of the public.

The amendments established conditions to be satisfied as a basis for importing fish and fish products from nations engaged in harvesting yellowfin tuna with purse seines and other commercial fishing technology, as well as authorized appropriations for agency activities through FY This was done as the result of suggestions made during the course of the hearings which indicated that there might be significant U.

3 Sec. 3 MARINE MAMMAL PROTECTION ACT OF and that the protection and conservation of marine mammals and their habitats is therefore necessary to.

Marine Mammal Protection Act The MMPA was enacted in October in partial response to growing concerns among scientists and the general public that certain species and populations of marine mammals were in danger of extinction or depletion as a result of human activities.

Marine Mammal Protection Act. The Marine Mammal Protection Act of was enacted in response to increasing concerns among scientists and the public that significant declines in some species of marine mammals were caused by human activities.

Marine Mammal Protection Act

The Marine Mammal Protection Act ofAmended The U.S. Marine Mammal Protection Act (MMPA) protects all marine mammals, including cetaceans (whales, dolphins, and porpoises), pinnipeds (seals and sea lions), sirenians (manatees and dugongs), sea otters, and polar bears within the waters of the United States.

H.R.which would be cited as the 'Marine Mammal Protection Act of ', contains a declaration of congressional purpose relative to the conservation of marine mammals, and would direct that the Secretary of the Interior undertake a comprehensive program for the regulation of taking all such animals on the high seas, within the.

Mar 05,  · The Marine Mammal Protection Act (MMPA) was the first act of the United States Congress to call specifically for a totem and taboo-style approach to wildlife management, setting aside marine mammals as untouchable and unapproachable.

It is seen as the first federal animal rights legislation in the United States.

Marine mammal protection act of 1972
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Marine Mammal Protection Act - Wikipedia